Liposuction also called lipoplasty, lipectomy, or lipolysis is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from specific areas of the body and sucks it out.
It is often used for the abdomen, thighs, hips, neck, chin, back of the body, upper and back of the arms, as some areas of the body such as the hip, thigh, abdomen, and arms tend to store and collect fat.
Fats get out of the body and under the skin through a hollow device called the cannula. It goes under the skin and sucks subcutaneous fat with powerful, high-pressure suction into  the cannula.

Liposuction is Suitable for whom?

Those who are considered to be suitable candidates are those who are close to their ideal weight but still have disproportionate reserves of fat in different parts of their body. Just as these fat reserves no longer respond to exercise and diets and do not change, liposuction can help and benefit most.

The best candidates for this procedure are non-smoker men and women who are generally relatively healthy and have good prospects and expectations for the procedure.

Also, the ideal candidate for liposuction is someone with  higher skin elasticity,this patient  will naturally have a lower risk of skin loss. Besides, if a person has lost significant weight before surgery, liposuction may only worsen skin problems. So it cannot be said with certainty that this operation is suitable for everyone.

Facts about Liposuction:

  • Certainly Liposuction cannot remove the extra 25kg you’ve added over 10 years. The amount of fat removed during a typical liposuction operation is between half to 5 kilograms.
  • Surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia.
  • Liposuction is not a method for weight loss, but a cosmetic procedure with precise effects. The goal is to reshape the body, and the results are generally long-lasting if you can keep your weight within the healthy range. This operation is suitable for those who are of normal weight and whose skin is more elongated.
  • Risks to the operation include infection, bruising, and scars.
  • Liposuction is also used to treat certain medical conditions.

What is Liposuction?

Liposuction is an elective procedure that involves removing subcutaneous fat. This decision is made when the underlying fats are unevenly distributed to a specific area of the body such as the armpit or thighs.

People undergoing liposuction surgery typically has a stable weight but tend to lose undesirable fats in certain parts of their body.

Liposuction is not a weight-loss method for the whole body or a cure for obesity and will not be able to kill cellulite. The purpose of this method is cosmetic and is suitable for those who wish to change and improve their body cholesterol. Although you may lose some weight after surgery, the main purpose is to reshape and redefine lines that do not respond well to diet and exercise.

Liposuction temporarily removes fat cells from the body and corrects the shape of the body. However, if the patient does not follow a healthy lifestyle after surgery, there is a risk that the remaining fat cells will grow and grow.

The amount of fat that can be safely removed from the body is limited. There are risks such as infection, numbness, or permanent scars. If too much fat gets out of the body, it may have effects on the skin, such as bumps or ripples. The surgical risks are directly related to the amount of fat removed from the body.

Benefits of Liposuction

Liposuction is usually done for beauty purposes, but it is also used to treat special conditions, too.


The long-term condition, in which a fluid called the lymph, accumulates too much in the tissues that swell and inflate that area of ​​the body. Swelling or swelling usually occurs in the arms or legs. Liposuction is sometimes used to relieve swelling, discomfort, and pain.

Severe weight loss after obesity

A person who is overly obese and worrisome needs treatment to eliminate excess skin and other abnormal conditions if they lose at least 40% of their BMI.


The tumors are fat and benign.       

Risks and side effects of Liposuction

Like any other surgery, there are possible complications, and risks that you should be aware of before surgery:

Any major surgery carries the risk of bleeding, infection or incompatibility with anesthesia. It also has bruising and pains immediately, which makes the patient uncomfortable. The complications of this risk are usually related to the extent and severity of the operation as it relates to the skills and training of the surgeon.

Multiple bruises

These bruises can take several weeks.


It may take up to 6 months for the swelling or inflammation to subside in the body.


The part of the body that has undergone surgery may become numb for a while and is usually temporary.


A skin infection may occur after liposuction surgery. Occasionally, treatment or surgery may need to be performed, with the risk being that the wound may remain permanently.

Perforation of internal organs

Perforation of internal parts of the body during liposuction is very rare.

Pulmonary edema

Sometimes fluid injected into the body accumulates in the lungs.

Allergic reaction (allergy)

The patient may be allergic to the drugs and substances used during surgery.

Skin burns

Canola movement can cause allergies and burns to the skin or nerves of the body.

Liver and heart problems


Anesthesia during surgery has a very low risk of death.

Obstruction of the bloodstream in the lungs

It is possible for fat to enter the blood vessels, which may enter the lungs and stop the circulation. This is a life-threatening process.

If the patient feels pain in his chest or shortsightedness, abnormal heart rate or excessive post-operative bleeding, the patient should contact his surgeon immediately.

  Liposuction surgery Satisfaction:

Patients are most satisfied with their surgery, considering the consequences before and after the operation and being well informed about what to expect. Also, choosing an experienced, professional surgeon and consulting all the details with your treating physician on this route is not without effect.

Duration of recovery

The recovery time varies depending on the amount of fat removed from the body and the location of the surgery. The recovery time varies from days to hours, but the pain may continue for several weeks.

Recovery and healing

It usually takes about two weeks for a complete recovery. Postoperative swelling and bruising are significant. Therefore, liposuction results cannot be judged for at least one to three months. While most bruises from liposuction surgery disappear within 2 to 4 weeks, some of the residual swellings may take up to six months to completely resolve. After about a week, the sutures are removed (unless the sutures are absorbed).

Liposuction costs

The total cost of liposuction varies depending on the size and number of surgical areas, as well as the specific techniques used during surgery. The costs of the surgeon, anesthesia, facilities, laboratory, medication, etc. are often added to the costs.

Most women are looking for liposuction as the ultimate solution to balance their body (most want abdominal fat or breast lift). In any case, patients who use lipomatics to reduce their abdominal fat, since they often have loose skin, may also undergo skin elongation or breast lift.

Before surgery

Before undergoing liposuction surgery, you need to think carefully about your decision and its complications. There is no guarantee of results, and you should consult your doctor before surgery.

The surgeon carefully examines the patient and performs pre-operative tests to confirm the health status. The patient’s health history is also on the agenda, including height, weight, patient records, and family history.

The surgeon may give the patient certain medications to take for two weeks before surgery. These drugs can be anti-inflammatory or herbal supplements

Before surgery, the surgeon marks the patient’s body, and before and after photographs may be taken of the patient.

During the operation

When preparing for surgery, the patient’s body is fully monitored for heart rate, blood pressure, and blood oxygen level. Liposuction is usually performed under general anesthesia, which may also include epidural anesthesia for lower liposuction. In some specific cases, this is also done under local anesthesia. Liposuction may be a combination of topical anesthesia and intravenous sedatives. The choice of the type of anesthesia is made only at the discretion of the surgeon.

A cut of three or four inches in length is made by the surgeon on the skin. This incision is made in a way that will later be well hidden between wrinkles of the body. For surgery on larger areas, the incisions may also be slightly larger.

The fat is sucked into the cannula (hollow metal tubes), which pass through the same cuts under the skin. The cannulas move forward and backward with controlled movements to loosen the fat. Then suck all the fat on the surface through the tubes and discharge into a special container.

Small incisions are closed by surgical sutures, and in some cases, small tubes are left at the incision site to help drain excess fluid under the skin.

After the operation

After surgery, the patient is transferred to recovery to control pain and swelling in the treated areas. It is very likely that the patient will not need to stay in the hospital and will be discharged after a few hours. Of course, this decision is entirely up to the physician. If you leave the hospital and go home, you must arrange for the patient to be alone for 24 hours.

The patient will not be able to drive for several days. Most patients can only perform non-heavy tasks, such as desk work and light work, after only 2-3 days.

If a small area was treated, the patient can return to work within a few days, but if a large area of ​​the body is surgically removed, it may take up to 10 days for recovery.

Depending on the extent of the operation and the level of treatment areas, hard work or exercise should not be resumed for at least 2 to 3 weeks. Like all surgeries, the understanding that these guidelines depend on the patient’s health and the techniques used and other variables surrounding surgery may be very different.

However, it should be noted that during the recovery period, the incisions are not pressurized, and any abrasions or movements that cause severe pain should be reported to the physician.
According to your doctor, you can use medical belts that help reduce bruising and swelling. These lesions should be worn continuously for several weeks after surgery.
Liposuction incisions are usually very small, usually fading over time to be virtually invisible. The result of liposuction surgery is an image of a balanced, smooth body.
The patient may need to take antibiotics immediately after surgery to reduce the risk of infection. Most people also use mild painkillers to relieve pain and swelling.

Hair transplantation


Hair transplantation

One of the benefits of a human being is having a good, well-groomed appearance. As you know, hair is one of the most important elements in a person’s appearance. Sometimes there are conditions that limit this advantage and one of the factors is hair loss or baldness. Due to the importance of maintaining the appearance, medical science has progressed to this problem with the help of a method called hair transplantation.

Hair transplantation is a permanent alternative to hair restoration in a bald area using surgical techniques. In a hair transplant, the secretory hair follicles are transferred from the hair-resistant area to the hair-thinning area. Also, hair loss treatment can be used to treat hair growth problems on breasts, eyelashes, and foreheads. In this article, we attempted to provide a comprehensive and useful explanation of hair transplant  methods and their advantages and disadvantages. So if you or those around you want to get acquainted with a hair transplant, join us in this article.

What is a hair transplantation?                                                                                      

Hair transplantation is a general treatment that is done to stay young or rejuvenate. There are various types of hair transplant procedures available today. Let’s review these three different types and choose the right hair transplant. Hair loss is a normal and natural process that one has experienced at least once in a lifetime. The disease is caused by several factors such as family history, aging, hormonal changes and so on. There are several medical procedures to reverse hair loss, the most commonly known method being hair transplant surgery. Such surgery is performed by plastic surgeons and is an effective tool in hair regeneration.

How is a hair transplantation done?

Hair transplantation is a procedure where your existing hair, usually on the back of the head, is transferred to the head area. The doctor will normally move your hair from one side or back to the front of the top of the head. Some hair transplant procedures available through surgery. There are several types of transplant surgery methods, one of which is FUSS surgery and the other is FUE extraction, but there are other methods.

Types of hair transplantation procedures

A) The FLAP method

FLAP method is a type of hair transplant that is better than other methods because it covers many areas faster on the skin. Using this technique, the scalp-bald area is surgically cut and then a healthy hair extension and attachment to the area where the scalp is removed, although this may result in injuries. yet most parts of the skin are covered with healthy hair. Therefore, it is a good opportunity for the wound to be covered with hair. It should be noted that this method also has some disadvantages such as an abnormal appearance, necrosis or dead tissue, and scarring on the skin.

B) The Graft method

This procedure is performed after the recipient has undergone local anesthesia. The transplantation process involves removing part of the scalp and dipping thousands of hair strands into the scalp. These strands are maintained injected during intermittent sessions. When the transplant is complete, part of the scalp that has healthy hair attached to it is surgically restored and given time to heal itself. Several sessions of this treatment to obtain hair may be necessary for the scalp to fully recover.

C) The Tissue expansion

Tissue expansion involves the balloon inserting like a tissue extender in the head area that has healthy hair. Within a few weeks, the tissue expander fills with saline to activate tissue expansion and expansion, thereby allowing tissue expansion as long as it has enough stretch. It can be easily bonded.

D) FUSS Unit Tape Surgery

In the process, the surgeon removes 6 inches of skin from your back, removes the ribbon and closes the scalp. This area will be hidden by the surrounding hair. Each one is split into tiny grafts with one hair or just a few cuttings. It depends entirely on your hair type, color and size of the area where you get this link.

E) FUE method

In the FUE method, the hair on your back will be corrected. The surgeon will then remove one of the secretory hair follicles. This area is treated with small dots that your existing hair will cover. Then the secretory bags of hair are transferred to the scalp section, which is bald or thin and needs hair. After surgery you may feel a lot of pain in the scalp, pain medications are prescribed. Your scalp should be bandaged for two days and you can return to your daily routine within 5 days after surgery. The transplanted hair will shrink after 2 weeks and you will see new hair growth within a few months.

Advantages and disadvantages of using hair transplants


One of the biggest benefits of this surgery is that the person acquires a change in aesthetics. Not only does it give you a younger look but it also raises your confidence. The goal of any hair transplant surgery is to ensure that the results are natural-looking. Surgeons are equipped to determine the most effective angles, location, and distribution of secretory hair bags. Grown hair combines seamlessly with your healthy hair, giving you a very natural and beautiful appearance. An important benefit is that after the recovery time, new hair does not need special treatment. When the hair combines with other natural hair, you can style it to your desire and cut it shorter and lighter. There are no restrictions on using the type of hair care products like shampoo, conditioner, gel, etc.


One of the major problems of hair transplant surgery is that it disturbs patients. While doing the hair transplant, you can do it at a good clinic or any other prominent center, and make sure you don’t have any difficulties.

To fully recover from surgery, one must be very careful after the operation and have enough focus and consideration, otherwise unattended during the recovery period can increase the risk of infection, bleeding, Wound and numb. It is recommended that people who decide to have hair transplant surgery should carefully understand its benefits and disadvantages as well as its potential risks.


After hair transplantation

In addition to having enough information about hair transplant procedures as well as finding a specialist, there are some post-operative tips patients need to know because adhering to them can speed up recovery.

1. The operation and hair transplant phase takes about 4-8 hours. Although you can do your normal work after the surgery and the day after surgery, rest for about 3 to 5 days after surgery to get better.

2. Because of the injections of sedatives and painkillers, you need to bring one person with you on the day of surgery to accompany you home when you are discharged.

 3. In the first few days after surgery due to the presence of dried blood in the places where the hair is transplanted try not to show your hair to anyone, as it will induce bad feelings in the surroundings and the possibility that they will be judged improperly.

4. The first few days after planting When you sleep and lay your head on the pillow Be careful not to touch the hair follicles with the pillow head. If your hair loss is abnormal, tell your doctor immediately.

Important: Try not to sweat your head as this may cause infection at the transplant site.

5. Avoid washing your hair in the first few days after your hair transplant.

6. Using a hat or scarf will damage the follicles as well as slow down the healing process.

7. Do not be exposed to direct sunlight as possible after surgery. This will damage the hair grafts as well as prolong the healing process.

8. After your doctor has authorized washing your hair, gently wash your hair with mild soap and water to prevent a possible infection from sweating.

Finally, in the process of hair transplantation, it is important to take care of it until the result. In the first few days after implantation, the hair strands are adjusting to their new location. So a whole new place should be kept clean. You should rinse your entire head with shampoo for 5 days after implantation. Cleansing the surrounding skin is important because it helps to grow new hair. After implantation, it may swell or be red around the implant site, which is a normal reaction and will resolve quickly. Regularly, antibiotics are not needed after implantation. To do this, first, make sure your clinic and the way it works is because hair transplantation is a sensitive procedure and requires skilled specialists in this field.

Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Lift)


Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Lift)

Eyes are one of the most important components of facial beauty that is overshadowed by the process of aging and the development of eyelid disorders.

Blepharoplasty plays an important role in restoring beauty and skin rejuvenation.

In the past, physicians focused primarily on functional operations and few surgeons performed cosmetic surgeries.

This trend has gradually changed over the years. Today most plastic surgeons perform operations related to ophthalmic surgeries such as blepharoplasty. They specialize in this field.

Blepharoplasty or eyelid lift is a type of surgery that is used to remove excess skin and fat in the eyelids. It is mostly used to rejuvenate or improve vision.

This surgery is mostly done for cosmetic reasons and is an effective way to improve the eyesight of older people. Blepharoplasty surgery improves the patient’s appearance and classifies as cosmetic surgery. It will also greatly enhance the patient’s confidence.


There is fat around the human’s eyes to protect them from trauma. The presence of this fat reduces stroke. It is a natural fat and does not increase or decrease with changing in the diet.

Like other parts of the body, the skin around the eyes loses its elasticity with aging.

These changes are more related to genetics and age. However, by doing some behaviors like smoking, dieting and sun exposure it can get better or worse.

 With age, the eyelids are stretched and excess fat accumulates below the upper and lower eyelids. The accumulation of this fat causes eyebrows dropping and forming ugly bags under the eyes.

Who are the right candidates for this operation?

The best candidates for this surgery are those who have no problem with their overall health and have realistic expectations. Those who have a positive and realistic attitude to their surgery will also get better results.

Age is ultimately not the case for this surgery, but it is generally better for people over 35 years of age. If the eyelid drooping and puffiness of the eyelid is hereditary, the patient may decide to have surgery sooner.

This surgery will greatly improve the appearance of the face and eyes. However, the patient may not achieve his/her ideal appearance. The patient should consult with the specialist before surgery. The physician must consider the type of genetics and lifestyle of the patient before surgery.

If you have one of the following statement, you can be a good candidate for blepharoplasty:

• A puffy upper eyelid that makes the face look tired or sad

• Bags of fat under the skin

• Excess skin that can impair vision

The patient may also require other procedures such as eyebrow lift, facial lift or skin rejuvenation. These surgeries take place at the same time as they work together. These operations are performed simultaneously.

Preoperative evaluations

The physician should discuss the patient’s goals and expectations. He should examine the eye thoroughly and also precisely measure the periocular area of ​​the eye.

 The patient will also be photographed to determine the medical necessity before and after the eyelid surgery. The patient needs to know what to expect from the procedure and to consider all the benefits and disadvantages before surgery. You can find out if the procedure is appropriate for you, with the help and advice of your doctor.

Consult a plastic surgeon and an ophthalmologist before definitive planning for blepharoplasty surgery. Preoperative dry eye symptoms should be considered, as they are directly related to postoperative complications. Medical examinations should consider the position of the eyebrow, upper and lower eyelids, and nose to achieve a natural result.

The specialist will examine the patient’s medical history. He should ask about previous surgeries and past conditions or conditions such as dry eye, glaucoma, allergies, circulatory problems, thyroid problems, and diabetes.

The specialist physician should thoroughly study the patient’s medical history. He will also ask about previous surgeries and past or present conditions such as dry eye, glaucoma, allergies, circulatory problems, thyroid problems, and diabetes. Your doctor will also ask about using medications, vitamins, herbal supplements, alcohol, and tobacco.

Preoperative Preparation

Be sure to ask a friend or family member to be with you during the operation and drive home after the procedure. You also need someone to spend the night with to help you if you need anything.

If you smoke, quit smoking a few weeks before surgery. Postoperative smoking reduces the ability of your body immune to recover.

Topical anesthesia

Upper eyelid blepharoplasty is usually performed under topical anesthesia. The patient may be not unconscious and will be able to work with his or her physician during the operation.

Duration of blepharoplasty

Normally this procedure takes 30 minutes, and the patient does not feel any pain or discomfort. The operation of the lower eyelid is similar to the upper eyelid, but due to the larger area, the operation time is slightly longer.

If both upper and lower eyelids are done together, it usually takes about two hours.

During surgery

The surgeon usually cuts along the natural lines of the eyelid. The incision lines for the eyelid surgery cut in such a way that the resulting wound will be hidden in the natural structures of the eyelid.

Through these incisions, the surgeon separates the skin from the underlying tissue and removes excess fat and skin. Then the surgeon closes the cuts with very small stitches. The sutures in the upper part should remain for three to six days.

After surgery

Eyelid lift reduces dark circles and wrinkles under the eyes. The patient will go home after surgery and does not need to be hospitalized.  Use ice packs on the eyelid for the first 48 hours after surgery. Antibiotic ointment should be applied to sutures up to 3 to 4 times daily.

The patient does not have bruising or swelling immediately after the operation. He/she will see bruising under the eyes and swelling around the eyelids in the first 48 hours after returning home, which is not a concern.

After 48 hours, the bruises and swelling gradually decrease and in 2 weeks after surgery, the swelling is eliminated.

Be prepared to stay home for a few days for complete recovery and limit your activity. Some people will get Dry eye for up to two weeks after surgery. If it takes more than two weeks, you should contact your doctor.

Patients will not have significant pain during the recovery process, and after a few days, all activities will resume.

Please check the following at home:

• Ice packs (Use medical ice packs) Be careful not to put ice directly on the wound and be sure to place it around the suture.

• Use sterilized gas

• Artificial eye drops or tears (be sure to ask your doctor the specific type that is best for you)

• Sterilized napkins and towels

• Painkiller (with specialist doctor’s advice)

• Do not use Advil, Motrin, Naproxen, Aleve and Aspirin due to increased risk of bleeding

• Keep eyelids clean and use ointments

• Avoid lifting heavy objects and swimming for a week

• Avoid strenuous activities such as aerobics and heavy exercise for a week

• Avoid smoking

• Avoid rubbing your eyes

• Avoid using medical and color lenses for up to two weeks

• Use dark sunglasses to protect the skin of the eyelids against sun and wind

Only use medications approved by your surgeon.

After the eyelid surgery, both sides of your eyelid will be sutured, and remaining for up to a week. There is usually swelling and sometimes bruising, but your eyelids should look perfectly normal within a week or two. The sutures’ place will also disappear after a while.

Possible side effects of eyelid surgery:

Complications and side effects from eye lift are rare, but sometimes they happen to the patient. These side effects can include:

• Bleeding

• Infection

• Abnormal color of the eyelids

• Dry eye

• Abnormal skin folds on the eyelids

• Difficulty closing your eyes or other eyelid problems

• Loss of vision

• Significant scarring

• Need for the second surgery

If any of these complications occur, contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Postoperative results

Falling eyelids and eyebrows make the patient looks older. In some cases, this dropping eyelid affects the eye and reduces the patient’s lateral vision.
Blepharoplasty can reduce or eliminate these vision problems. Eventually, the patient will have younger and more alert eyes.

Permanent results of surgery

Results of upper eyelid surgery will last about 5 to 7 years. But lower eyelid surgery rarely needs to be repeated. If after a while the patient feels that he/she needs to be re-operated, eyebrow lift surgery may be the better option instead of the eyelid surgery again. For some people, eyelid drooping may recur again.


Health insurance companies usually do not cover cosmetic surgeries.
Insurance only covers this surgery when surgery is performed to impair vision. If your vision test confirms this, your insurance company can cover it. In cases where the eyelid drop becomes so severe that you lose some of your vision, the insurance covers the cost of blepharoplasty. But if you decide to have this surgery just to improve your appearance, insurance doesn’t cover the cost. Blepharoplasty is performed in approximately 90% of cases for cosmetic reasons.